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FLEXIBILITY

FLEXIBILITY

Generally, the most overlooked factor in physical fitness is Flexibility. Flexibility is not only for muscles belly (thicker middle region of muscle between origin and insertion), and their fascia while this is the cumulative contribution of tendons (attaches muscle to bone), ligaments (attaches bone to bone), joints and skin. Before understanding the subject topic we will have to take a short glimpse of the musculoskeletal system along with muscle physiology. The skeletal system provides structural support and posture to the body and muscular system provides the ability to move. I have already discussed in detail in my previous blog under “Musculoskeletal Strength” here we need to understand the physiology of muscle ( the science of stretching).


Flexibility is the ability to move muscles and joints through a maximum range of motion to use the joint to its fullest. Joint range are divided into – (1)AROM (Active range of motion) (2)PROM(Passive …

MUSCULOSKELETAL STRENGTH

MUSCULOSKELETAL STRENGTH Musculoskeletal system which is made by joining two systems of human body
(1)Muscular System (Muscles, Tendon and Fascia)                         (a)Voluntary Muscles – Skeletal Muscles.

(b)Involuntary Muscles – Smooth Cardiac Muscles.
(2)Skeletal System (Bones, Joints, Ligaments, and Cartilage) (a)Axial Skeleton - Skull, Vertebral column, Bony Thorax. (b)Appendicular Skeleton – Upper and Lower Limbs and their girdles.
Musculoskeletal strength means how strong you are,” The ability of muscle or group of muscles to apply maximum force or effort to lift heavy load/weight one time (1 RM, Repetition Maximum) without fatigue “and this is anaerobic work. The supreme reason for doing exercise especially resistance exercise is to make our self-fit, free from diseases, attractive and for increasing our quality of life and lifespan. To many research in the world indicates and advocate the profound impact of weight training on human being (for both genders) as a…

MUSCULAR ENDURANCE

MUSCULAR ENDURANCE
There are two types of endurance training. (1)Aerobic Endurance.                       (2)Muscular Endurance.
Aerobic endurance, I have explained in the first component of physical fitness-CARDIO RESPIRATORY ENDURANCE, where we have understood clearly the importance of coordination between the circulatory system and respiratory system. To improve this segment (cardiorespiratory endurance), cross training pattern of exercise is much better than normal routine aerobic exercise on trade mill, upright bike, and recumbent bike etc..

Why dancing aerobics, Zumba dance, power yoga, triathlon, rock climbing and swimming has gained enormous popularity in few years because of the monotonous style of aerobic exercises on trade mill, rowing, cycling (up-right bike and recumbent bike). In modern fashion of doing aerobic exercises, we use our whole body in action or movement like flexion, extension, circumduction, abduction, and adduction, not only that body mo…